Searching for an Artist – PoW Richard Schlicker

Richard Schlicker was among the thousands of German soldiers captured in North Africa and subsequently shipped to Canada in 1942. First arriving at Camp 133 at Ozada, Alberta, Schlicker was later transferred to Camp 133 at Lethbridge, Alberta. With the exception of working on some Albertan farms in 1945, he spent the remainder of the war in Lethbridge before being shipped to the United Kingdom in March 1946.

While I know little else about Schlicker’s life, I do know that he was a talented artist that put his skills to use throughout his time in Canada. In a rather fortunate occurrence, I came across two of Schlicker’s paintings in Calgary this summer, the two watercolours shown below. Signed and dated 1944 and 1945 respectively, these paintings do not depict camp life but scenes more commonly found in Germany.

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Nearly every internment camp had a group of artists and while some painted for themselves, others sold or traded their work with comrades and, although it was forbidden, the occasional guard. Sometime closer to the war’s end, Camp Commandants began allowing PoWs to hold art and handicraft shows, first for the guards and camp staff, and then to the general public. Rather than receiving cash, their profits (as far as I can tell, all profit went directly to the PoW) were added to their savings account or made available to them in the form of credit or chits which they could exchange at the camp canteen. Shows were quite popular and eventually held on a fairly regular basis. These two Schlicker paintings were sold at one such sale to the mayor of Lethbridge at the time, Alfred W. Shackleford, who later passed them down to his son.

While copying Schlicker’s pay records in Ottawa, I was pleased to find entries relating to his art sales. I was even more surprised to find that two entries specifically mentioning the sale of two watercolours – perhaps these two are from one of these sales! The entry also notes that Schlicker’s paintings were each being sold for $2.00 each.

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Richard Schlicker’s pay record. Note the entries for September 14 and October 2.

But the surprising finds were far from over! Shortly after arriving home, I received an email from an individual asking if I’d be interested in scans of some PoW artwork from his uncle’s time as a PoW in Canada. Answering “of course!,” imagine my surprise when he forward a series of illustrations all drawn by Schlicker. These ones, however, depict life as a PoW in both Canada and North Africa. As PoWs were prohibited from owning or operating cameras, artwork such as this provide important insight into what life was like behind barbed wire.

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PoW Camp in North Africa (note pyramids in the background)

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Camp 133 – Ozada, Alberta

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Winter at Camp 133 – Ozada, Alberta

While a search for more of Schlicker’s work has yet to reveal anything, perhaps someone who knows more will stumble upon this post!

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About michaelohagan

PhD Candidate at Western University - Studying German Prisoners of War in Canada during the Second World War

2 responses to “Searching for an Artist – PoW Richard Schlicker”

  1. Laura Davidson says :

    Dear Mr O’Hagen,

    Good morning and thank you so very much for the fine information re Richard Schlicker. His work reminds me of a very talented and famous Disney animator from Norway, Gustav Tenggren. I collected much of the Holy Grails from Disney Studios circa 1929-1948, various story boards, water colors, pen/ink and gouache/tempera pieces for several years. I sold the entire collection a couple of years ago.

    Richard Schlicker’s work tells me he was probably trained as an animator or illustrator / journalist. There were quite a few in Europe in both WW’s and his work is very finely executed, interesting and evokes thoughts and feelings. These are all the qualities of a fine artist as well.

    My piece I picked up on eBay depicts a modern — mid 1940’s Boston Harbor — with the Old North Church and quay and very old colonial style warehouses. There are some low lying hills and the time is autumn. Very beautifully done where he painted in two different methods: traditional 1900s illustrative and the newly emerging 1940’s impressionistic schools! Colors are superb and the overall impression is “a little gem” meaning it’s many facets are superbly executed. Every section of the watercolor — even the corners — is beautifully done.

    I very much love his pen and ink drawings of the North African and Canadian camps! Your information and photos are just great. And thank you for sending them. I look forward to the next email and learning more.

    My very best wishes and appreciation,

    Laura Davidson Co-founder & Partner Somatika Corporation Seattle, WA

    >

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