Tag Archive | YMCA

Christmas at Camp 70 – Fredericton

The sketch above was submitted to War Prisoners’ Aid for consideration of being printed as one of the annual Christmas cards produced by the organization and distributed to PoWs in Canada. The artist, Rudi Boege, was a civilian internee at Camp 70 (Fredericton, NB) and, as the spokesman described, one of the most gifted artists in the camp.

The design shows PoWs gathered around a bonfire and the campleader explained it had special meaning to the internees at Camp 70 for every Christmas eve, the internees lit a bonfire on the parade ground.

To my knowledge, the card was never produced. The War Prisoners’ Aid instead settled on a card depicting Camp 133 (Lethbridge, AB).

Merry Christmas to all my readers and best wishes in the new year!


Sports behind Barbed Wire

Life behind barbed wire was generally monotonous and strictly regulated and for those spending upwards of five years in internment camps were liable to suffer significant mental strain. In an attempt to both prevent this and to break-up their daily routine, among the many activities organized by PoWs were sporting events. A variety of teams and competitions were organized inside the camps, including football (soccer) and hockey. Equipment was often provided by the War Prisoners’ Aid of the YMCA.


PoW Hockey Team at Camp 132, Medicine Hat. Library and Archives Canada.

Soccer team at Camp 133, Lethbridge.

Soccer team at Camp 133, Lethbridge. Author’s Collection.

Parker 6a

View of a PoW soccer match from a guard tower at Camp 133, Lethbridge. Private Collection.

Some camps, particularly those that held officers, had access to facilities that let them take part in activities including tennis and swimming. This, however, didn’t prevent PoWs from improvising; faced without any suitable structure for sporting events, PoWs at Medicine Hat built their own stadium. However, playing sports like soccer and volleyball within a barbed-wire enclosure brought about another issue – in one camp, barbed wire ruined an average of eight soccer balls and four volleyballs every month.1

1. C.M.V. Madsen & R.J. Henderson, German Prisoners of War in Canada and their Artifacts, 1940-1948 (Regina, SK, 1993.), 42.

Prisoner of War Mail and the YMCA – Part II of PoW Mail

Updated translations August 5, 2014 and November 29, 2016 – Thanks to Günther and Joel for their help!

In my last post I introduced the basics of Prisoner of War mail in Canada during the Second World War. Today, I’m going to continue this by showing another type of postcard.

In the early years of the Second World War, the YMCA set up the “War Prisoners’ Aid” to supply Allied and German PoWs with non-essential goods, such as sporting equipment, radios, movies, reading material, etc. Among the items produced specifically for German prisoners of war in Canada was a series of nineteen postcards.

The postcards featured artwork by two PoWs, one of who was reportedly Karl Kafka. The postcards were printed by the YMCA and were made available for purchase in the camp canteens. Many of the cards feature aspects of the day-to-day life in a Canadian PoW camp while others, as you can see below, portrayed camp life and work in a more humorous fashion. Some of the meanings of the cards are beyond me so if you have any insight into any of these cards, please leave a comment below!

One thing I will note is that although these cards were apparently approved to be sent home (and I know the PoWs brought them back to Germany with them)I have yet to find one that was actually mailed. It appears as though these cards were more souvenirs than post.

I have included the original German captions and their [rough] English translations below.




“Fruuuhstuck” – (Frühstück)


“Achtet Auf Eure Gesundheit”
“Watch Your Health”


Mealtime – Note the red circle on the back of the jacket and the red stripe down the pant leg, indicating they were PoWs.


Not sure what happened here but someone looks to be in trouble!


News – With access to newspapers, English-speaking PoWs would often translate the news for their comrades.


“Tapsi! Tapsi!!”
Reader Günther writes, “‘Tapsi’ comes from ‘tapsen’ (=toddling,plodding). Its the nick name in the army for an unexperienced new soldier in the area (rookie?)… So you can see, that “Tapsi” comes from “tapsen”, although TAPSI ist now “officially” an akronym for Total Ahnungslose Person Sucht Information . (Translation: Absolutely clueless person seeks information).”




“Rauchen Verboten”
“No Smoking”


“Morgen Roll-call”
“Morning Roll-call”


“Die Rundendreher”
I feel it sums up the attitudes of many PoWs to larger camps – endless strolls along the barbed wire enclosures. As for the translation, Joel writes, “I’d wager that “Rundendreher” might refer to a walk around the camp, since ‘runden’ means ‘around’ and ‘dreher’ means to ‘turn.’ So like a turn around the camp?”
Update 2016: “Runde Drehen” was slang developed by PoWs in Canada during WWII and referred to a walk along the barbed wire.


Work Break


“Der Stabsgefangene”
Reader Günther writes that this is a play on Stabsgefreitter, the German equivalent of Corporal, and Gefangene, German for “prisoner”.




“Uff! The Germans are going!”


Guards with Prisoners


Ping Pong. I wasn’t sure about the significance of the portrait of Marlene Dietrich, but Günther has provided a likely explanation: “In the ping pong one the portrait of Marlene Dietrich could be a hint at an episode in her life. When she returned from America the first time she played ping pong on deck of the ship, when it arrived in Marseille. She was wearing a suitpant and could not change her clothes before leaving, because her suitcase was already in disembarking process. So she appeared in this suitpant, But german press found her outfit absolutely inappropriate. So maybe this post is a sophisticated hidden wish of POWs to return home also.”


Skating – the YMCA was one of the organizations that provided skates to PoWs.

And, having saved my favourite for last,



That’s it from this series, I hope you enjoyed it! Check back soon for the next installment of PoW mail.

Mother’s Day – 1918

e001481460 (November 1917 Q12-30 War Diary, p. 203)

1918 Mother’s Day Stationary from the YMCA. Source: Library and Archives Canada

I haven’t been able to do any further research but apparently the YMCA produced stationery specifically for soldiers writing home for Mother’s Day. I can’t imagine the YMCA thought that this would be used by a Canadian Forestry Corps company to record some productions statistics but it looks like they used anything on hand.

Anyways, Happy Mother’s Day!